A hammer toe can be best described as an abnormal contraction or "buckling" of a toe. This occurs due to a partial or complete dislocation of one of the joints that form the toe. As the toe continues to be deformed, it will press up against the shoe and may cause corns. If the deformity occurs in the lesser toes and in the joint nearest the foot, it is called a hammer toe.
Hammer toe can occur when a person does not wear appropriate shoes. For example, if the shoes are too tight at the front or are pointed, that can cause the joints to be pushed inward which over long periods of time can cause these joints to become dislocated. Flat feet or high arched feet can also result in buckling toes which is a major cause of hammer toe.
Genetics plays a major role in the occurrence of hammer toe and if you are genetically predisposed to having high arches or flat feet, then the chances of hammer toe occurring is higher than in the general population. If left untreated, the toe muscles will eventually be unable to straighten. Exercises may be prescribed to stretch and strengthen the toes.
If a toe is still flexible, a podiatrist may recommend that the patient change to roomier and more comfortable footwear and that they wear orthotics. These orthotics are placed within the shoe so that they can help to reposition the toe and relieve any pressure or pain. Surgery may be considered if conservative treatment options have failed to reduce the pain and discomfort for the patient.
As a company we are able to help you with all of the above with simple assessments and treatments to ensure we are treating the affected area in the correct way.
We can also create customised insoles where we will ensure we are creating the perfect insole for your shoe to reduce the risk of any of the above from happening or in some cases reappearing. These are created bespoke to you and are individual to your feet.